Posted by Pusat Sumber SKPB | 7:19 AM | | 0 comments »

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Posted by Pusat Sumber SKPB | 6:00 AM | | 0 comments »

"Phonic ball" adalah sebiji bola yang tertulis huruf A -Z di atasnya. Pada zahirnya, "phonic ball" merupakan bola biasa sahaja. Tetapi, dengan bantuan dan idea penutur jati, ia telah menjadi sebiji bola yang amat berguna kepada murid-murid.

Guru boleh menggunakan "phonic ball" bukan sahaja untuk mengajar "phonics", malah ia boleh juga digunakan sebagai ABM untuk mengajar murid membina perkataan atau membina ayat. Guru cuma perlu meminta murid membuat satu bulatan yang besar di dalam atau di luar kelas. Seterusnya, seorang murid yang terpilih diminta melontarkan bola tersebut kepada salah seorang murid yang lain. Murid yang menerima bola tersebut diminta untuk membunyikan dan menggayakan huruf yang terletak di hujung ibu jari kanannya. Jika guru tersebut ingin mengajar perkataan, murid diminta membina perkataan daripada huruf tersebut. Bagi guru yang ingin mengajar ayat pula, murid diminta membina ayat menggunakan huruf tersebut. Seterusnya, murid tadi melontar pula bola tersebut ke arah murid yang lain.

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Why Use Stories?
 o For motivation. Most children enjoy having stories read to them, or reading stories for themselves
 o To practise different skills. They are a good reading and writing starting point. They provide an opportunity for children to make their own books. They provide drama and roleplay opportunities. They practise and reinforce lexis and structures, and develop conceptual skills such as prediction, guessing the meaning of new words, training the memory.
o For interest. Stories can be chosen to reflect the language topic covered in the coursebook or other areas of school activity.
 o For social relevance. Stories can often be used to discuss and explore issues of social relevance, e.g. an awareness of good and bad social behaviour, of emotions, of shared cultural history, or things that are different from one another.
o For variety. Stories allow for the use of English, expanding on the topics in the text book.
o For context. Stories are a medium that children are familiar with. They give context and meaning to the language. And the action in the story gives the children a genuine reason for listening.

 How to Choose a Story
 o The story should have a simple storyline. o The story should not be too long.
 o The language should match (or should be easily adapted to) the pupils’ level of proficiency. It should contain repetitive phrases.
 o You should have a clear plan of the activities you want to use to exploit the story.
o Action stories are the easiest to exploit
. o Dialogue exchanges between characters in the story should be short and memorable

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